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Here’s to the Next 100 Years of Growing Trees!

January 06, 2023 12:00 AM
By: Annetta Ayers, DCNR Forest Nursery Operations Manager

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When the seeds were sown this fall for the next crop of trees, it was the 100th time it had been done at DCNR’s Penn Nursery, which is near Potters Mills in Centre County.

Although the nursery was officially established in 1922, stories recount that seedlings were first grown by forester John Seltzer at “Ranger McKinney’s place” beginning in 1908, 1909, or 1912 -- depending on which historical source is consulted.

Reestablishing trees on newly-acquired state forest land was a primary duty of foresters and rangers. To do so, Ranger McKinney converted the potato patch behind his residence into a small nursery. Records are vague about what was grown there, but it’s amazing to think that some of those trees could be 114 years old now.

Solid Roots

A wooden sign outdoors. Sign text: Penn Nursery Established 1922

Penn Nursery wasn’t the first seedling nursery started by what was at that time the Department of Forests and Waters. Mont Alto nursery in Franklin County had the honor of being the first in 1902. A few years later in 1905, Greenwood Nursery in Huntingdon County was established. This also began the era of the “ranger nurseries.” Between 1905 and 1915, many small nurseries like Ranger McKinney’s were started. 

Oak sapplings growing in a forest. A persons hand holding acorns in their palm, and holding an oak branch in the other hand.

Records show that 46 ranger nurseries were established during this period. Although many were very small, 10 of them produced more than  100,000 seedlings each. The total seedlings produced from the 46 ranger nurseries was almost 5 million! They may have been small, but not insignificant.

Honoring a Conservation Pioneer

Woman sitting in a chair in early 1900's dress.

Penn Nursery has been known by many different names since it’s humble potato patch beginnings. It was originally known as the Seven Mountains Nursery because of its location within the Seven Mountains Forest. The forest districts were renamed; lines were redrawn, and this area then became the Penn State Forest.

A large open area outdoors with rows of plants growing. Buildings are in the backgound.

The nursery was officially established in 1922 and renamed to match the forest district in which it resided. In 1952, the Penn State Forest was absorbed into parts of Rothrock State Forest and the newly renamed Bald Eagle State Forest. Maybe they couldn’t decide how to name the nursery. Regardless, Penn Nursery retained this name until 2016.

In honor of the first woman to be appointed to a government post in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Penn Nursery became a part of the Mira Lloyd Dock Resource Conservation Center. Although Penn Nursery at the Mira Lloyd Dock Resource Conservation Center is quite a mouthful, especially when answering the phone, it’s the way the Penn Nursery name continues to live on in its place in conservation history.

A Living Legacy

Small tree saplings grow in rows outdoors in an open area.

From 1899-2018, records show that 764,897,672 trees were produced by bureau nurseries. Since 1993, when the last of the other bureau nurseries closed, all of the seedlings have been grown at Penn Nursery. In 2021 alone, 2.5 million trees reared at Penn Nursery were planted on DCNR-managed lands.  It is amazing to think that in the last century, roughly three-quarters of a billion trees have been produced here. That is quite a living legacy.  Here’s to the next 100 years!

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